Afghanistan is a country that is located somewhere about the center of Asia. Its geography is marked by mountainous and dry terrain. The G.I. Joe Team has had several missions in that country, most of them taking place there during the 1980s.
A Real American Hero comics continuity - Marvel Comics
One of the first known missions the Joes had in Afghanistan is when they headed there to retrieve the crashed remains of a Russian spy plane. At one of the country's larger crevasses, the Joes faced off with their Soviet counterpart, the Oktober Guard.
- Afghanistan - Wikipedia article on the real Afghanistan.